Brazil has been a front-runner in the development and use of bioethanol, driven by energy security and climate change. Brazil and the US are world leaders in bioethanol production and demand for advanced biofuels is expected to increase during the next decades. The Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE) vision is to adopt comprehensive utilization of Brazilian biomass aiming at developing bio-based technological routes to obtain low Green-House-Gases emission biofuels and value-added products. Conventional and lignocellulosic ethanol production di˜er as the latter does not rely primarily on sugarcane juice, but instead uses low-cost non-edible lignocellulosic feedstock such as bagasse and straw for bioconversions.
Lignocellulosic ethanol can provide sustainable increase in biofuel production, without additional requirements on land use and mitigate greenhouse gases emissions, thereby impacting positively on climate change. One expects that Sirius, the next generation of Brazilian light source, will bring new opportunities for lignocellulosic ethanol research. In this talk I will discuss some of the challenges for lignocellulosic bioethanol research including biomass productivity and quality, biomass recalcitrance and bioconversion.
Speaker: Eduardo do Couto e Silva, Brizilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials
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